A Web page is a page of information on the Internet about a particular subject that forms -a part of- a website. Web pages are suitable for the World Wide Web and can be accessed through a Web browser. The information contained on a Web page is usually HTML or XHTML format and may link you to other Web pages by clicking on a hypertext link. The term Web page refers to a document typically written in HTML that is almost always accessible via HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol.) The main page of a website is called Homepage, and it provides links to other pages on the same site.
A number of Web pages make up a website, which is an advertising tool that is always available for customers without the limitation of time frames or geographic boundaries. This means that visitors can read and browse through your advertising or information piece as many times as they want, which allows them to look at the site in detail. Visitors to a certain website find it through search engines, which are computer programs that find information on the Internet by looking for words –keywords- included in those websites that fit a certain search.
Web pages can be Static or Dynamic. A Static Web page is a Web page that displays the same information for all users and provides the classical hypertext links that allow the audience to easily move through Static documents. Static Web pages may be updated by the Web designer who created them, but they do not change with each user or context condition, since they have no other functionality than introducing the site and displaying written content. Dynamic Web pages, on the other hand, react differently according to the context in which they appear and may be modified by visitors. They provide interactive experience; it involves the user in the exchange of information and in navigation. Text, images and other elements can change and react according to the audience and the retrieval context. Static Web pages use HTML language, while Dynamic Web pages need other more complex markup languages such as Java or ASP.
The file extension of a website will be determined by the language that has been used in its development. That way, Dynamic websites may carry the extension “ASP.net” or “.php”, among others. And Static websites using HTML will consequently carry the file extension “.html”.
Websites are made up of different Web pages: a guestbook, a homepage, among others. A guestbook is a page that allows the audience to leave a comment about the site. In some guestbook visitors can express their thoughts or leave a quick message on the site or its subject. Guest books are examples of Dynamic Web pages, since they include a space where the audience can leave a personal message. This space is not Static but it varies according to each different visitor and their opinion or comment on the site. If a website wants to include elements such as this one, which are affected by the context and the user, it has to use a markup language other than HTML –Java, ASP and .NET for instance. A homepage –also start page, front page or main Web page- is the URL or local file that is automatically loaded when a Web browser starts. The homepage contains links to other pages in the same website in order to guide visitors through the site. It also offers external links to visit other websites that are related to the subject of the page, but usually it does not include Dynamic elements that require the use of a special type of markup language. Usually Homepages use HTML, since their aim is to introduce the website and provide links to other pages which may be dynamic or Static depending on their aim. Some common names for homepages include: index.html, main.html and default.htm.
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